WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HTTP AND HTTPS?
Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) is a protocol for transferring data on the Internet between a web resource and a server. With its help, user requests (via a browser) are transmitted to the server, and the server generates responses, which it returns to the browser. This is a basic set of rules for data transfer
HTTP provides unencrypted data exchange, which can lead to information being intercepted by a third party. So, for example, billing information entered on an HTTP website can be intercepted by attackers during its transfer to the server.
HTTPS protocol is an extension of HTTP. That “S” in the abbreviation comes from the word Secure and it is powered by Transport Layer Security (TLS) [the successor to Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)], the standard security technology that establishes an encrypted connection between a web server and a browser.
Without HTTPS, any data you enter into the site (such as your username/password, credit card or bank details, any other form submission data, etc.) will be sent plaintext and therefore susceptible to interception or eavesdropping. For this reason, you should always check that a site is using HTTPS before you enter any information.
In addition to encrypting the data transmitted between the server and your browser, TLS also authenticates the server you are connecting to and protects that transmitted data from tampering.
THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HTTPS AND HTTP
The main difference between the protocols is that with HTTPS, there is an SSL certificate.
An SSL certificate is a data protection technology that works through encryption keys. it is placed between the browser and the server. Why are sites with HTTPS safe? Information that is transmitted from a user (pages, logins, passwords, card numbers) is encrypted and cannot be read by outsiders. Each new visit to the HTTPS website forms a secure connection between the browser and the server.
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