DIFFERENT TYPES OF TOP LEVEL DOMAINS
Top Level Domain (TLD)
These are at the highest level in the DNS structure of the Internet. There are several different types of TLD’s. Top-Level Domains (TLD) refers to the suffix or the last part of a domain name. There’s a limited list of predefined suffixes which includes: There are different top level domain registration
.com – commercial business (the most common TLD)
.org – organizations (typically, nonprofit)
.gov – government agencies
.edu – educational institutions
.net – network organizations
.mil – military
TLD are classified into three broad categories:
- CcTLD – country code Top Level Domains
Two letter domains established for geographical locations; for example; .ke signifies Kenya. When originally designated, usually only residents of a country could register their corresponding ccTLD; but over the years quite a few countries have allowed parties outside their shores to register website names.
An example of this is Kenya (.ke). KENIC (Kenya Network Information Centre) organization manage top-level domains ending with .ke. We are KENIC Licensed Domain Name Registrar in Kenya
In the case of .ke domain names, strict rules are still in place (and that’s a good thing). For example, .co.ke registrants must still be Kenyans or have registered business interests in Kenya. The registration eligibility criteria for ke names has meant .ke is still strongly associated with Kenyan and has fostered a great deal of trust and confidence among local and even overseas online shoppers.
Some examples of ccTLD are
.ke – Kenya
.us –United States
.uk –United Kingdom
- GTLD – generic Top Level Domain
The best known generic TLD’s include .com, .net, .biz, .org and .info – these can be registered by anyone, anywhere in the world. However, some of the new gTLD more recently released have various restrictions.
- IDN ccTLD – internationalized country code top-level domains
A top-level name with a specially encoded format that allows it to be displayed in a non-Latin character set (i.e. special characters).
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